Spanish cities: Madrid

Madrid is the capital of Spain (since 1562) and also the capital of the autonomous community of Madrid. It lies at the geographical centre of the Iberian peninsula. The metropolitan area of Madrid (city and all cities satellites) has about 5 million people. The city of Madrid has a population of approximately 3.2 million inhabitants and is, after Paris, London and Berlin the fourth largest city in the European Union. As Spain is a very religious and predominantly Catholic Madrid’s population is 85% Roman Catholic, 2% are Jewish and another 2% are Muslims.

The city has a size of 607 square kilometres (population density is about 5000 inhabitants per square kilometre) and is distributed in 21 districts.

Madrid is located at an altitude of 667m above sea level and because it is located in central Spain, it is very hot and dry during the summer and cold in winter.

Through June is the time more enjoyable, because with about 25°C, it is not too hot and you can take along warm nights test the nightlife. Through July and August, it is very hot with temperatures often reaching 40°C and during the night, it does not slow down very well what can make a visit to Madrid during these months very uncomfortable if you’re not used to such temperatures. But if you prefer to visit the city with little traffic and not so many people that you should go to Madrid during the summer because people are leaving the city en masse during these months.

Although during the winter it is very cold in Madrid, it is generally dry. The maximum temperature in January is about 9°C, but during the night can go well below zero. If you do not like the crowds of tourists during the visit of Madrid, you have to go between December and February.

Spring and fall are the most pleasant times to visit Madrid, the climate is very pleasant. However, you should bring clothes for a range of temperatures, because the weather may be very variable. In April temperatures range from 7 to 18°C in October and 10 to 20°C.

Madrid is divided inthree different areas. It is the old part of town where the streets are narrow, the other party has streets that become wider and right, and the third area is the new part which is characterized by a large number of new construction during the 20th century. Gran Via and Paseo de la Castellana are the two main arteries of Madrid.

The nightlife in Madrid is very good, because it has many pubs, cafes, bars, discotheques and clubs that are open late into the night. No one sleeps before 3 a.m.

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